Wind, water, sun, geothermal energy and biomass energy are available as nearly endless sources of energy. In contrast to using petroleum, coal, natural gas and uranium as sources of energy, renewable energies are climate-friendly, safe, protect the environment, and save resources. Renewable energies ensure more independence from energy imports, a more secure supply, and strengthen the national economy. Using renewable energies avoids climate damaging emissions that are associated with significant consequential damage and costs. That is why the increased use of renewable energy not only makes sense, but is also advantageous from an overall economic point of view.
The Federal Government's goal is a modern, climate-friendly, sustainable and safe supply of energy for Germany. To attain this goal, the use of renewable energies will be expanded, and the energy efficiency will be further increased with the aim that renewable energies will provide the substantial portion of the energy supply.
The following targets were established by law: By the year 2020, renewable energies shall increase to at least 20 % of the total gross electricity consumption. Thereafter, the proportion should increase continuously. A proposal of the EU-Commission is that by 2030, renewable energies should increase to at least 27 % of the total gross electricity consumption.
Structure transition: Massive development of renewable energies
The Federal Environment Ministry advocates the consequent development of renewable energies, and with it, a transformation of the structure of the energy supply. The Federal Environment Ministry views this development of renewable energies as a target-oriented instrument in step with improving energy efficiency, fundamentally modernizing the energy supply in Germany, massively increasing energy efficiency, protecting resources and simultaneously developing Germany as a leader in the world market for climate-friendly technologies. The German government also advocates a consequent development of renewable energies up to 30 % of the total gross electricity consumption by 2030 at the European level.
Important Instrument: Renewable Energy Law
The Renewable Energy Law (EEG) is an important driver and effective instrument for the development of renewable energy. The EEG obligates grid providers to give priority to accepting and purchasing electricity from renewable energy.
There is a determination that by 2025, renewable energies shall increase to 40 - 45 % and by 2035 to 55 - 60 % of the total gross electricity
consumption in Germany.
The Federal Government of Germany considers wind energy a key technology in the CO2-free energy mix of the future. Wind energy is in the leading position for producing electricity from renewable energy. The potential however is a long way from being fully utilized: Above all, with an increased use of the wind energy at sea (offshore wind energy), and further development of the wind energy on land, the government views replacing older plants with modern, more powerful plants as a key element.
(Source: Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety "Renewable Energies")